The Present school curriculum is being reviewed to respond to a national priority of shifting the structure and content of the education system from merely passing examinations to building character, nurturing values, and raising literate, confident, and engaged citizens who can think critically. And as an outcome, to raise the quality of education at the pre-tertiary level, with emphasis on science and mathematics as fundamental building blocks for success in either tertiary education or early entry into the work place. The review of the curriculum is to address the inherent challenges in the existing curriculum and ensure that the content of the national curriculum for change and sustainable development can be intentionally benchmarked.
Development of Ghanaian Curriculum
Until recently, formal Basic Education was for all Ghanaian pupils from KG to JHS 3 (Grade 9), after which learners could progress to formal Senior High education, vocational education, and training, direct entry to employment or distance learning. However, in the current education reforms, Basic Education has been redefined as a concept to include Senior High School, and the system sub-divided into five key phases as follows:
- Key Phase 1 (Foundation level comprising Kindergarten 1 & 2)
- Key Phase 2 (Lower Primary level comprising B1 to B3)
- Key Phase 3 (Upper Primary level of B4 to B6)
- Key Phase 4 (Junior High school level of JHS 1-3)
- Key Phase 5 (Senior High school level of SHS1- SHS3)
NaCCA has developed curriculum for Key Phase 1 (Foundation level comprising Kindergarten 1 & 2), Key Phase 2 (Lower Primary the level comprising B1 to B3), and Key Phase 3 (Upper Primary level of B4 to B6) awaiting approval and implementation in September 2019 for the following subjects:
- Creative Arts,
- Our World Our people
- Physical Education
Senior secondary (B7-B12)
NaCCA is responsible for the development of content and achievement standards for agreed Phase 4 (Junior High school level of JHS 1-3) and Key Phase 5 (Senior High school level of SHS1- SHS3). The senior secondary Ghanaian Curriculum will be reviewed in accordance with design principles underlying standard-based and common core curriculum
The National Curriculum Framework
The broader nature of our curricular present a challenge to teachers. There are far too many curricular aims to teach in the time available for teaching and testing. The result has been curricular narrowing – laying out too many curricular targets. It has, therefore, become over duly important that we explore opportunities for building a national curriculum framework that holds teachers and students accountable to high levels of desirable achievements. The need for our curriculum to broadly bring all pupils into contact with an agreed range of areas of learning and experience is fast catching up. This framework, therefore, has at its heart educational strategies that ensure that all learners leave school as scientifically-literate citizens.